Patchwork or 'pieced work' is a form of needlework, which involves sewing smaller pieces of fabric to create a bigger piece / design. This is usually created using a repeat pattern. Using geometric shapes helps making them easier to sew together.
The skirt above is made entirely from pieces of Laura Ashley scraps and small pieces of fabric.
Evidence of patchwork—piecing small pieces of fabric together to create a larger piece and quilting layers of textile fabrics together—has been found throughout history. The earliest examples have been located in Egyptian tombs and also in early age of China about 5000 years ago. Further finds have been dated from the early Middle Ages, where layers of quilted fabric were used in the construction of armor—this kept the soldiers warm and protected. Japanese armor was also made in a similar fashion.